Wealth and Pride Coins - Fortaleza del Real Felipe

Wealth and Pride Coins - Fortaleza del Real FelipeWealth and Pride Coins - Fortaleza del Real Felipe
9th Coin - Issued 3rd of July 2012

Wealth and Pride Coins - Fortaleza del Real Felipe
Wealth and Pride Coins - Fortaleza del Real Felipe

Coin Front & Back

As 9th coin of the series the "Fortaleza del Real Felipe" coin has been put into circulation on the 3rd of July 2012. The front shows the Fortress of Real Felipe in Callao built in Colonial times to defend the Peruvian coast and Lima's gateway to the world, the port of Callao. Today the fortress houses the Military History Museum.

At the beginning of the 17th century Lima was the economic center of the Spanish colonies in South America. The city flourished under the constant influx of gold and silver which indigenous people had to mine. Additionally by degree all riches "seized" in Latin America had to be shipped from Callao, Lima's port, back home. The wealth attracted many pirates. One of the best known, Sir Francis Drake attacked Lima's port Callao in 1579. Many others followed.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

The fortress Real Felipe, built to defend the Peruvian coast and the harbour of Callao, is the biggest and most impressive of all fortresses the Spanish crown erected overseas.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

The fortress can be visited, but you have to join a guided tour available inside. Here you buy your entrance tickets.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

inside the walls, hallways and towers of the Real Felipe Fortress a piece of Peruvian history has survived.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Since 1984 the fortress houses the museum of the Peruvian army.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

The Real Felipe Fort was built between 1737 and 1774 to defend the harbor of Callao, the city of Lima and the Peruvian coast.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

The Fortress Real Felipe has the shape of an irregular pentagon occupying an area auf 70.000 square meters

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

One of the entrances to the underground passageways at the Real Felipe Fort

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Governor's House

The Casa del Gobernador (The Governor's House) within the walls of the Real Felipe Fortress.

Museum Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Inside the Governor's House the actual museum is housed.

Museum Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Here you find military objects, uniforms and weapons of Peruvian soldiers from all epochs.

Museum Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Tupac Amaru

Bronce bust of Tupac Amaru exhibited in the halls of the Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Weapons

Weapons used during Colonial times and the Peruvian Independence are displayed at the Real Felipe Fortress.

Museum Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Bronze busts of the heroes of the fight for Peruvian independence displayed at the Museum within the Real Felipe Fort.

Museum Real Felipe Fort in Callao - uniforms

At the Real Felipe Fort you find as well a lovely exhibition of Peruvian uniforms

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

Statue of the unknown Soldier within the walls of the Real Felipe Fortress.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - canon

Spread around the huge areal of the Real Felipe Fort you find canons of different epochs

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Casa de la Respuesta

Replica of the front part of the Casa Bolognesi, also known as Casa de la Respuesta (House of the Answer). The original house is located in Arica in today's Chile. During the War of the Pacific Arica was still Peruvian territory and the house served as the headquarters for the Peruvian troops defending the city. On the 5th of June 1880 Francisco Bolognesi made following statement to a Chilean messanger: "Tell your officer in command that I have a sacred duty to fulfill, Arica does not surrender, I feel proud of my men and we will fight until we burn the last round."

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Tower

The Torreon del Rey (the Tower of the King) occupies one corner of the pentagonal fortress.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Tower of the King

In case the Fortress would have been taken, the Tower of the King was additionally protected by a ditch and drawbidge.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao - Canon

On top of the tower powerful canons didn't give attackers a chance.

Real Felipe Fort and the San Lorenzo Island  in Callao

What a view from the top of the Torreon del Rey. In the back is the San Lorenzo Island. The Real Felipe Fortress was built using blocks of rocks cut from the island as well as stones from the old Callao city wall. These were "cemented" together with egg white.

Real Felipe Fort in Callao

The Fortress was named after Felipe V of Spain.

After a devastating earthquake and tsunami destroyed Lima's city wall works on a huge fortress began in 1747 which in the future should defend the harbor of Callao, the city of Lima and the Peruvian coast. Completed in 1774 the fortress is the biggest and most impressive of all fortresses the Spanish crown erected overseas and is named after Felipe V of Spain. In 1782 two additional forts were added.

In early Republican times the Fortress of Real Felipe was used as a political prison, than with a short interruption during the War of the Pacific, until 1955 as Callao's custom house. Since 1984 the fortress houses the Military History Museum. Inside its walls, hallways and towers a piece of Peruvian history has survived.

 

The back of the coin shows in the center part the Peruvian Coat of Arms surrounded by the writing Central Reserve Bank of Peru (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú) and the year of issue. This side of the coin is nearly identical to the previous issued S /. 1.00 coins that have been in circulation.

Specifications

Value: 1 Nuevo Sol (New Sun)
Front Image: Fortress of Real Felipe
Back Image: Peruvian Coat of Arms
Circulation Date: 3rd of July 2012
Legal Tender: Yes
Size: 25.5 mm
Material: Nickel Silver
Color/s: Nickel Silver
Others: Maximum issue of 10,000,000 coins

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